IN AUGUST 1979, James Dallas Egbert III disappeared from Michigan State University. His disappearance, his characterization as a science fiction and fantasy fan and player of Dungeons & Dragons, and the subsequent investigation by Texas private investigator William C. Dear spawned newspaper speculations, made-for-TV movies, and urban legends of university students playing live-action role-playing games in the steam tunnels of their school--they became cautionary tales often ending in tragedy, loss, or death. It is this sensationalist and paranoid attitude toward fantasy and science fiction, toward role-playing games like D&D, especially toward live-action RPGs that this focus group will take up and analyze as problematic. Though the Egbert case eventually revealed no causal connection between his disappearance, attempted suicide, and D&D, prejudice and the demonization of fantasy and RPGs became firmly fixed as a cultural logic about the real, the normal, the acceptable, and the responsible.

IN RESPONSE, Ursula K. Le Guin's 1979 essay "Why Are Americans Afraid of Dragons?" argued, "For fantasy is true, of course. It isn't factual, but it is true. Children know that. Adults know it too, and that is precisely why many of them are afraid of fantasy...They are afraid of dragons, because they are afraid of freedom." How might we understand live-action RPGS or LARPs as more than just a misanthrope's escape? What are the possibilities of LARPs?

OUR FOCUS GROUP, as part of a continuing series on RPGs generated by the Critical Gaming Project at UW, will attempt to broadly historicize and contextualize live-action role-playing games in the US and will focus on the critical question of why this particular kind of gaming and fantasy is of cultural value. We will look at the cultural treatment of live-action gaming, including academic scholarship, news and apocryphal tales, documentary films like Darkon (2006) and Monster Camp (2007), and popular treatments like Role Models (2008) and The Wild Hunt (2009). Most importantly, the focus group will engage in actual live-action game play from basic mechanics to character creation to role-playing to adventuring. The course will meet once a week for 2 hours to engage guided discussion and observation, reflective writing, and play.

THE GAME SYSTEM we will play is Archaea, an independent, high-fantasy live action role-playing and wargaming system developed by Edmond Y. Chang.

Readings & Texts

Chang, Edmond Y. Archaea Live-Action Role-Playing and Wargaming. Fifth Edition. Seattle, WA: Tellings Press, 2009.

Darkon. Dir. Andrew Neel and Luke Meyer. DVD. PorchLight Entertainment, 2007.

Del Giudice, Marguerite. "Dungeons, Dragons, and the Fantasy Role-Playing Craze; Which Side Are You On - Lawful Good or Chaotic Evil?" Boston Globe. 20 Apr. 1980: 1.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Fannon, Sean Patrick. "The Birth of a Hobby." The Fantasy Role-Playing Gamer's Bible. Prima, 1996. 125-134.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Fannon, Sean Patrick. "Gaming Grows Up." The Fantasy Role-Playing Gamer's Bible. Prima, 1996. 135-157.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Fine, Gary Alan. "Introduction." Shared Fantasy: Role-Playing Games as Social Worlds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983. 1-4.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Gygax, Gary. "Role-Playing: The Foundation of Fun." Role-Playing Mastery. New York: Perigree, 1987. 17-23.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Gygax, Gary. "The Master Player." Role-Playing Mastery. New York: Perigree, 1987. 24-40.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Hall, Carla. "Into the Dragon's Lair: Detective William Dear's Story of a Student Suicide." The Washington Post. 28 Nov. 1984: F1.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Hately, Shaun. "The Disappearance of James Dallas Eggbert III (Part I & II)." Places to Go, People to Be. 25 Mar. 2009. <>.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Krimm, Teri. "It Was a Tragic End for Teenage Genius." Boston Globe. 25 Aug. 1980: 1.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Lee, Mai Cha. "Play and the Subculture of Larping: Gender, Motivations, and Self." The Eagle Feather. 2011.

Le Guin, Ursula K. "Why Are Americans Afraid of Dragons?" The Language of the Night. New York: Perigee, 1979. 39-45.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

"Live-Action Role-Playing Game." Wikipedia. 16 Mar. 2010.

Livingstone, Ian. "The Tragic Tale of a Boy Genius." Herald Sun. 3 Aug. 1991: 57.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Mazes and Monsters. Dir. Steven Hilliard Stern. Perf. Tom Hanks. Videocassette. Warner Home Video, 1982.

Monster Camp. Dir. Cullen Hoback. DVD. Hyrax Films and Aaron Douglas Enterprises, 2007.

Stark, Lizzie. "Closeted Gamers and the Satanic Panic." Leaving Mundania: Inside the Transformative World of Live Action Role-Playing Games. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2012. 91-105.      (Available via UW e-reserve).

Vanek, Aaron. Cooler Than You Think: Understanding Live Action Role Playing (LARP). Personal Website. Sep. 2009. 17 Mar 2009.
Go to top.

CHID 496 D
1:30-3:20 PM
MLR 302A
Spring 2011
Dr. Edmond Chang
University of Washington

Required Course Texts & Materials

• Download the course policies and syllabus (PDF).
• CHID 496 D course readings are available via via e-reserve.
• Read discussions on the class blog.
• Chang, Edmond. Archaea Live-Action Role-Playing and Wargaming rulebook.
• Web access and an active UW email account.

"When I examine myself and my methods of thought, I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than any talent for abstract, positive thinking."
--Albert Einstein

"When we read a story, we inhabit it. The covers of the book are like a roof and four walls. What is to happen next will take place within the four walls of the story. And this is possible because the story's voice makes everything its own."
--John Berger

"If one is lucky, a solitary fantasy can totally transform one million realities."
--Maya Angelou

Requirements & Grading

What is a focus group? Focus groups provide a unique opportunity for undergraduate students to design and lead a class. Focus groups allow students with common interests to create a space to discuss topics which may not be covered elsewhere in the UW undergraduate curricula. As with all CHID courses, all students participating in focus groups are expected to engage topics critically, respectfully, and from varying perspectives. What are they not? Focus groups are not spaces for students to promote one particular point of view. While students can take on one idea or concept, this topic should be explored from multiple vantage points. Focus groups should not depart from CHID’s guiding philosophy that "the questions are the content." Focus groups are about critical scrutiny, not about ideological imposition. This class is graded on a credit/no credit basis. All assignments must be satisfactorily completed, and you may not have more than two un-excused absences in order to get credit for this class.

Play Log, or, Plogs (50%)

The majority of the writing you will do for this class is in the form of weekly short, critical, analytical response entries to the class blog:

These single-spaced, 250-500 word writings serve as reactions to, close readings of, and analyses of the readings, films, game, play, and the connections you see, read, and talk about in class. These "journal entries" are more than just summaries or personal reactions and will be evaluated on clarity, coherence, critique, and how well you concisely formulate analyses and arguments. Response entries are due weekly; see the "plog" prompt for more details.

Participation and Preparedness (50%)

Preparedness and participation forms a large component of your final grade. It is essential that you prepare for class, attend class, and participate. Missing class may seriously compromise your ability to do well in this class. Again, negative participation will hurt your participation grade. Participation is determined by:

1. your respectful presence in class,
2. your willingness to discuss, comment, and ask questions,
3. your preparation for class, which includes bringing required materials to class and doing all of the assigned reading for class,
4. your engagement in group work and play,
5. your contribution to the course blog:,
6. and your interactions with us and other students.

Finally, failure to turn in homework, incomplete assignments, or late papers will negatively impact your participation grade.


Attendance is strongly recommended. If you are absent, you miss the explanation of an assignment, the discussion of a reading, the chance to play and participate, and overall, the class as a community of learning. Also, you are expected to be in class on time. Class will start immediately at the appointed time. In the first minutes of class I may make important announcements, establish the agenda for the class meeting, begin immediately with an important lesson, or field questions. If you come in after I start class, even by only a few minutes, you are late and I will mark you as such. Chronic or conspicuous attendance problems will negatively affect your credit for the class. If you know you are going to miss class, please let me know ahead of time (via email), if you can, and I will make any necessary arrangements. And when you do miss class, always find another student to get class notes and see me in order to make up missed work in a timely manner.
Go to top.

"Games give you a chance to excel, and if you're playing in good company you don't even mind if you lose because you had the enjoyment of the company during the course of the game."
--Gary Gygax

"I like nonsense, it wakes up the brain cells. Fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living, it's a way of looking at life through the wrong end of a telescope and that enables you to laugh at life's realities."
--Dr. Seuss

Finding Help

I am available during office hours and by appointment to help you. I encourage you to come see early in the quarter even if it is just to talk about the class, about the assignments, or about school in general. I may ask you to meet with me when I think a conference would be useful. My office is located in the A-Wing, on the third floor of Padelford Hall (northeast of the HUB), in Room A312. See map below. See

I am Available electronically by email and the course blog. Email and the blog are the best means of contacting me. I will do my best to answer your emails and blog posts, usually within twenty-four hours. If there is an emergency and you need to reach me, please contact the Undergraduate English office in A-2H&G Padelford. Furthermore, when time permits, I will supplement my office hours with virtual hours via AOL Instant Messenger or Google Talk (nickname: EDagogy); if I am logged in, during reasonable hours, you are more than welcome to discuss the class or ask questions. Please, when you initiate an IM conversation for the first time, please identify yourself to me -- also, please be patient because my responses may not be immediate.
Go to top.

Contact Ed

A312 Padelford
Office Hours:
MW 1-3 PM
or by appointment
changed @
AIM or Google Talk:

Download the course policies and syllabus (PDF).

Academic Dishonesty

Plagiarism, or academic dishonesty, is presenting someone else's ideas or writing as your own. In your writing for this class, you are encouraged to refer to other people's thoughts and writing -- as long as you cite them. Many students do not have a clear understanding of what constitutes plagiarism, so feel free to ask questions about these matters at any time. Plagiarism includes:

• a student failing to cite sources of ideas
• a student failing to cite sources of paraphrased material
• a student failing to site sources of specific language and/or passages
• a student submitting someone else's work as his or her own
• a student submitting his or her own work produced for another class

If you have any doubt about how to cite or acknowledge another's writing, please talk to me. It is always better to be safe than sorry. As a matter of policy, any student found to have plagiarized any piece of writing in this class will be immediately reported to the College of Arts and Sciences for review. For further information, please refer to UW's Student Conduct Code at Play it smart, don't plagiarize!


If you have a registered disability that will require accommodation, please see me immediately. If you have a disability and have not yet registered it with Disability Resources for Students in 448 Schmitz Hall, you should do so immediately. Please contact DRS at 206-543-8924 (Voice) or 206-543-8925 (V/TTY) or 206-616-8379 (FAX) or via their website at I will gladly do my best to provide appropriate accommodation you require.

UW SafeCampus

Preventing violence is everyone's responsibility. If you're concerned, tell someone. For more information visit the SafeCampus website at and keep the following in mind:

• Always call 911 if you or others may be in danger.
• Call 206-685-SAFE (7233) to report non-urgent threats of violence and for referrals to UW counseling and/or safety resources. TTY or VP callers, please call through your preferred relay service.
• Don't walk alone. Campus safety guards can walk with you on campus after dark. Call Husky NightWalk 206-685-WALK (9255).
• Stay connected in an emergency with UW Alert. Register your mobile number to receive instant notification of campus emergencies via text and voice messaging. Sign up online at
Go to top.

© 2007-13 Edmond Chang. All original material. All rights reserved. Contact the webmaster of this site. These pages are best viewed with Mozilla Firefox or Internet Explorer. Open your browser to the largest viewable area. These pages are hosted by the University of Washington Computing & Communications system.